Nature itself, being more intelligent than human beings, knows perfectly well how and when to ingest its nutrients according to its natural cycles, but during the last 70 years we have been responsible for altering its natural balance by applying excessive amounts of inorganic fertilizers that plants are not able to absorb, and that in opportunities are detrimental to their correct development, even eroding the soil and polluting the water, thus turning the agricultural sector into one of the main sources of greenhouse gases (CO2 in its production, N2O in its use and CH4 in its natural gas, raw material).
The overflowing use of nitrogen-based fertilizers has dramatically increased emissions of nitrous oxide, a lesser-known greenhouse gas that has a terrifying impact as it can remain in the atmosphere trapping heat for decades and, when it drains into the water, it feeds algal blooms creating coastal dead zones devoid of aquatic life, being freshwater and marine habitats the most affected.
How could we achieve an integral and environmentally conscious transformation in agriculture?
In the 1980s, Cuba’s farmers depended on fuel imported from the Soviet Union. As a result of the crisis, families were encouraged to cultivate their own land, leaving aside industrial processes, replacing inorganic fertilizers with organic ones such as classical manure and compost, and reduced their food consumption to moderate proportions, achieving a conscious and independent stability.
A vegetable garden in your garden…
Today, BIO labeled products represent this organic agriculture that seeks to make maximum use of all farm resources, protecting soil fertility and biological activity by prohibiting the use of synthetic fertilizers. The behavioral transformation into a conscious consumer becomes one of the most important tools to achieve an environmentally friendly consumption.
- Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)