COP 1 : first UN climate agreement
In 1992 the main representants of global superpowers gathered in Rio de Janeiro. At the end of this meeting, countries signed the UN Nation Framework Convention of Climate Change. The goal was to force governments to take measures to protect climate and people. The first Convention Of the Parties is carried out in Berlin in 1995.
A diplomatic challenge for Germany
COP 1 is the first planetary conference of the United States took place in Germany. It is a diplomatic event for the German federal governement which wanted a statement of its political role. It’s a success for the authorities who obtained the generally secretaryship of climate. It is since then in Bonn and it organises the good proceedings of the COP. If nobody wants to lead it or if a country can’t organize this event, it takes place in this city (for example, the COP23 in November 2017 was manage by the Fiji’s Islands but she took place in Bonn). To start good procession of the debate, direction of the congress was entrusted to Angela Merkel who was Minister of the Environment in 1995. COP 1 was a hard-to-manage conference.
Angela Merkel, German Minister of the Environment in 1995, managed the COP 1.
Credit : Martin Gerten / Picture alliance – Getty
A mixed balance sheet
Here are the great points discussed :
– Paperworks relatives to the good proceedings of the Convention Of the Parties
– Creation of a UN climate office
– Economical and technical help to the developing countries
« The Parties should protect the climate system for the benefit of present and future generations of humankind, on the basis of equity and in accordance with their common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities. »
The conference takes place in two times:
- Firstly the states speak and negociate.
- Secondly, clear steps are taken.
In fact, the first stage creates a conflict between North and South countries. This did not allow real arrangement to be made. Industrialized states deny their responsability concerning gaz emissions and South countries refuse to give up growth by ceasing to use polluting energies. It’s a beginning of a North-South cleavage who lasted for over 20 years. Up to the COP 21 to Paris, where for the first time all countries have commited to common measures.