SRF around the world : a non-dangerous waste

 

As a reminder, Solid recovery Fuel (SRF) are derived from waste. In European Union, if we speak about SRF, the waste who are used for creat this supply must not be recyclable. To be more precise,  the waste must not be recyclable in the economic and technical conditions of the moment. 

 

A definition of SRF : 

There is no official definition in Europe of SRF. At the biggining, their production was anarchic (concerning resources used, production method used and characterization).

After that,  European Commission has mandated the “ECF” (European Committee for Standardization) to develop some production standards. Nowadays, there exist a stable supply of waste, there has been a standardization.

 

SRF and legislation :

The regulatory framework of SRF comes from the decision 2001/118 Council of State of 16 january and can be found in the EU directive 2008/98/CE on waste. Turning waste into fuel is a valuation mode according to the French environmental code, article R541, within which we can also found some dispositions concerning waste management.

In France, SRF are sorted with non dangerous waste. That is why SRF are considered as waste. Their combustion takes place under decree 20/09/2002 which enumerates conditions of waste incineration.

 

SRF a non dangerous waste : 

Because of their status of non dangerous waste, SRF are excluded from european and international reglementations. 

To begin with, SRF are excluded from the “Accord for Dangerous goods by road“. As a reminder, SRF are not a dangerous waste if it respond to national limited value (exposed in “Partie 1: Le Combustible solide de récupération : la règlementation Française”). This accord concerning international transport of hazardous goods by road. This international reglementation concerning 48 countries. Each hazardous materials correspond to particular risk. Inside SRF, we could find some classify risk. for instance, class one correspond to explosive materials. Moreover, each hazardous materials is affected of a name UN or ONU witch correspond on  reglementation designation. It contain the name of the product, the danger class. All these elements must figure on transport document. 

Nevertheless, it is possible SRF enters into this category. Due to their calorific value and composition of plastic who could generate a massive ocean pollution if there is an accident. If they are lead to become one, it  to rubric 4.1 of european accord. 

 

Advantages and drawbacks of SRF : 

SFR have some huge advantages. For example they create several jobs around the world. Moreover they reduce oil use and also our dependancy to traditional energies. They use some refused waste from sorting centers. They promote better waste management, and fight against landfills. 

However, several big drawbacks exists. Indeed, It is very difficult to made a SRF in standart with load specifications ( Partie 1 : Le combustible solide de récupération : la réglementation française ) . Moreover there is not landfill restriction, so it is very easy to landfill waste. 

 

Energy issues : 

It is important to compare SRF calorific power with other sources of energy. We can see SRF has a middle calorific power. 

fuel calorific power en MJ/Kg
gas 55
oil 41
coal 30-34
SRF 20-24
wood 8-12.5

To conclude, SRF is really useful. That allows to used some waste who came out of the recycling cycle.

 

 

Keywords : Solide recovery fuel, Waste.

A propos de Marie BERNARD

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