Marrakesh’s sustainable tourism through wastewater reuse


Marrakesh or the Moroccan Imperial City is located near the Atlas mountains. For a long time, the city is considered as the gateway to the Sahara desert , which over the years has become a unique touristic destination. At present, Marrakesh attracts tourists for being an interesting destination of golf tourism which is rapidly developing. So far the city has hosted many international golf competitions .

Consumption of water is in continuous demand, especially the development of several golf complexes  in Marrakesh induces a strong pressure on the available water resources. Aware of  the seriousness of these problems, the local authorities, the RADEEMA (The Marrakesh Autonomous Power and Water Supply), as well as several golf courses launched a project to reuse Marrakesh treated wastewater for the irrigation of golf complexes.

In fact, it is a sustainable solution for golf courses, which require 27 million m³ of water per year. However, Marrakesh uses about 60 million m³ of drinking water per year.

During this project of treatment and reuse of wastewater, a significant amount of water was saved and used efficiently.

Other strong point of the project:

waste water before treatment

The wastewater project is generating electricity

Since December 2011, the water treatment facility officially started to operate. Every day, 110.000m³ of wastewater is collected,  90.000m³ of which can be reused. Within the treatment process, methane is used to produce electricity. The facility generates a daily amount of 30 MWh of electricity, which fulfills 50% of the total electricity need of the wastewater treatment plant. After treatment, the water is diffused through five pumping stations and  pipelines of 80 km that connect all golf courses.


Costs and benefits

The project does not only guarantee appropriate water treatment, but also generates electricity for the wastewater plant. Another strong point of the Marrakesh approach is the stakeholder coalition for the project. All the three principal partners in the wastewater project (RADEEMA, government and golf courses) have made an important financial contribution. The total cost of the project is 1.2 billion dirham (110 million euros), 15 million euros of which has been contributed by Moroccan government , 30 million euros – by RADEEMA  and 65 million euros – by promoters including golf courses.

The treatment and reuse of Marrakesh wastewater is an important milestone in sustainable development because an alternative and renewable resource is mobilized. This project not only permits to preserve the environment and conventional water resources but also brings significant benefits for the region on economical, environmental and social grounds. Moreover, Marrakesh can further develop itself as an attractive touristic, including golf destination, without compromising but saving water resources for the future generation.



A propos de Ghita BENKHALDOUN

Étudiante en M2 Droit et Gestion des Énergies et de Développement Durable ,à la Faculté de Droit ,Sciences Politiques ,et Gestion de Strasbourg .


Étudiante en M2 Droit et Gestion des Énergies et de Développement Durable ,à la Faculté de Droit ,Sciences Politiques ,et Gestion de Strasbourg .

Vous aimerez aussi...

Laisser un commentaire

Votre adresse de messagerie ne sera pas publiée. Les champs obligatoires sont indiqués avec *

Ce site utilise Akismet pour réduire les indésirables. En savoir plus sur comment les données de vos commentaires sont utilisées.