Normandy And Marine Renewable Energy (EMR)

OVERVIEW

more than three quarters of the energy consumed worldwide comes from fossil fuels (oil, gas, coal). These are also the primary source of greenhouse gas emissions, responsible for global warming and its consequences (sea level rise, floods and droughts, disappearance of certain species, etc.).

At the same time, the deposits are becoming scarce, which leads to an increase in the price of these energies. At the current rate, oil reserves will be depleted in the coming decades and gas reserves in two to three centuries.

In this context of global environmental and energy crisis, it has become essential to find a new model of consumption and development.

Renewable energies (solar, wind, biomass, geothermal) are a serious alternative. They offer a sustainable way of producing energy that is more respectful of the environment. They are also an opportunity to reduce our dependence on fossil fuels.

Renewable energies are growing all over the world at a steady pace, with a growth rate of 30% per year. Among them, marine renewable energies (RMEs), produced from the resources of the marine environment (winds, currents, tides, waves, etc.), offer very promising prospects. On the French coast, they could allow the production of 40 TWh per year, or 10% of the annual electricity consumption in France.

WHAT IS EMR?

Marine Renewable Energies (RMEs) are the energies produced from the resources of the marine environment: currents (tidal energy), tides (tidal energy), waves and waves (wave energy), heat exchanges (thermal energy of the seas), salinity (osmotic energy). In addition, there is offshore and offshore wind power (floating or floating) and marine biomass.

MREs have been developing at a steady pace since the beginning of the 2000s. Their potential is all the greater as they are inexhaustible and the sea covers 71% of the world’s surface.

SIGNIFICANT ECONOMIC CHALLENGE

With nearly 640 km of coastal shorelines covered by strong, regular winds and skirted by the powerful current of Raz Blanchard, Normandy has exceptional natural assets for the development of EMR.

It also has port infrastructures adapted to accommodate industrial and logistics projects EMR in Le Havre and Cherbourg (200 hectares available), as well as activities related to the operation and maintenance of offshore wind farms in Caen-Ouistreham , Dieppe and Fécamp.

It also has a large capacity electricity network and an industrial fabric characterized by a subcontracting sector provided around a few leading manufacturers concerned by the MREs. It has strong skills and is rooted in the history of the territory in terms of energy production, iron and steel, boilermaking, tools, mechanics, logistics and maintenance.

Marine Renewable Energies (RMEs) are opening up new market prospects for French companies both nationally and internationally. It is also an opportunity for development and diversification for the regional economy, with local jobs at the key.

A megawatt of electricity from marine renewable energies would generate 10 direct and indirect jobs in tidal turbine and 7 in the offshore wind sector. The birth of wind farms along the French coast and the industrial projects that accompany them could to create more than 10,000 direct and sustainable jobs in France

EMR PROJECTS IN NORMANDY

With 3 of the 6 French offshore wind farm projects awarded and 2 pilot tidal power projects, Normandy can claim a leading position at French and European level.

  • THE TIDAL

Normandy has with the Raz Blanchard the first commercially exploitable global potential whose resource is valued at 5 GW. A pilot farm project is planned for 2018-2020: Normandy Hydro, carried by EDF-Energie Nouvelle (EDF EN) – DNCS-OpenHydro with 7 turbines (14 MW).In 2018, the French State also launched tenders for the installation of commercial tidal flats.

  • OFFSHORE WIND TURBINES

Three parks with a total installed capacity of 1.5 GW will be built in the coming years.

  • Courseulles-sur-Mer

75 wind turbines of 6 MW or 450 MW

Consortium Eolien Maritime France (EDF Energies nouvelles / ENBRIDGE / WPD Offshore partnership with General Electric)

  • Fécamp

83 6 MW wind turbines or 498 MW

Consortium Eolien Maritime France (EDF Energies nouvelles / ENBRIDGE / WPD Offshore partnership with General Electric)

  • Dieppe-Le Treport

62 wind turbines of 8 MW or 496 MW

Engie-EDP-Neoen-Adwen Consortium

PROPITIOUS INFRASTRUCTURES FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF EMR

Recent investments will make it possible to give birth to major projects or to go further by developing existing structures.

   PORT OF CHERBOURG

  • 100 millions € of investments were made for the development and adaptation of the port to host activities related to (MRE) via Ports Normands Associés (PNA) and with the support of the Normandy Region
  • A wind turbine blade plant (LM Wind – General Electric) intended in particular to supply the Fécamp and Courseulles-sur-mer parks
  • A turbines manufacturing plant (Naval Energies)

  PORT OF HAVRE

  • Project to welcome offshore wind turbines with the reinforcement of a wharf and the development of port lands with a view to setting up two plants for the manufacture of blades and nacelles (Siemens-Gamesa).
  • In addition, a site for the construction and storage of the gravitational foundations of the Fécamp park (company Offshore Aeolian Fécamp) is planned.

PORTS OF CAEN-OUISTREHAM AND DIEPPE

  • the ports of caen-ouistreham and dieppe will host maintenance bases for the courseulles-sur-mer and dieppe-le treport offshore wind farms, each of which will employ around 100 people during the 25-year operating period. nearby offshore wind farms.

PORT OF FECAMP

  • it will host the maintenance base of the Fécamp offshore wind farm, which will employ around a hundred people during the entire operating period of the wind farm.

With these incredible natural assets, these appropriate infrastructures and these major EMR projects under development, the Normandy Region occupies the third place of the tidal development in the world behind Canada and Scotland and is positioned as a major player in the energy transition and development. tidal stream in France. This is attracting more and more international players on the Normandy coast, thus providing jobs. Progress exports (8% for a national average of 4.5%, figures provided by Customs) .and imports (16% for a national average of 6.6%) and makes the region more attractive than it was before thanks to Renewable Marine Energies

 

SOURCES

1/ www.normandie.fr

2/ www.meretmarine.com/fr/content/normandie-montee-en-puissance-de-la-filiere-emr

3/www.lemondedelenergie.com/emr-renouvelables-icoe-normandie-interview/2018/05/30/

4/ www.lemondedelenergie.com/emr-renouvelables-icoe-normandie-interview/2018/05/30/

 

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