The Global Sustainable Transport Conference
Greenhouse gas emissions from transports are one of the main causes of worldwide pollution. During the first global sustainable transport conference in October 2016, States together with the International Maritime Organization (IMO) and International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), have taken a resolution concerning the transport emissions issues.
In accordance to the last Conference of the Parties (COP) in Paris, the Global Sustainable Transport Conference took place for the first time on the 26-27 of November 2016 and was held at the United Nations (UN) General Assembly in Ashgabat Turkmenistan. It was then adopted by the resolution 70/197, taken unanimously by the Member States of the General Assembly.
Ashgabat statement on commitments and policy recommendations is a non-binding agreement. However, it is a good debut, to start considering solutions for the international air pollution caused by transports. The Conference brought together a lot of stakeholders from different places (Governments, Organizations of the UN system, civil society, business sector, etc).
The Statement recognized the importance of taking into account the weight of transport pollutions, in the development, and growth of markets (local, regional and international), tourism, and people and communities connections. Nonetheless, the Statement of Ashgabat considers that all States need to work together in order to put in place integrated multi-modal transport, by emphasizing low-carbon-based-energy modes of transport.
The Conference leaned on a specific field, wich was the need to assist developing countries in particularly the Least developed Countries (LDCs), the landlocked developing countries-(LLDCs) and small island developing states (SIDE). Indeed, the enhancing of transport in those Countries is highly linked with optimal energy transition, infrastructure, upcoming services, and health risks. Furthermore, those countries get the opportunity to adapt themselves in order to avoid any non-environmental solution.
That’s why Ashgabat Statement insisted on them to show the willingness of integrating into the private sector, the energy efficiency and economic rentability. Aiming to allow the development of their skills in accordance to the imperative of sustainable development, so to achieve the decrease in public health risk.
Finally, the Conference thanks all the stakeholders, especially the ones who launched already innovative solutions, and it called them “to continue to seek collaborative partnerships for new, innovative, sustainable transport paradigms”. The UN Secretariat will organize the “effective follow-up” of the implementation of these recommendations.