Famine in Africa
Many people ignore that there are more than 25 000 deaths every day because of starvation. Undernutrition is a core factor in the death of 3.1 million children under five every year.
There are many reasons that explains the famine, but there are two main factors:
- First the economic inaccessibility when the food is available, wich means that food is too expansive to be afforded in some scenarios.
- The second reason is the physical or geographical inaccessibility, such as when the food is not available because of the lack of water for example.
Two other reasons are judged important; indeed, we can’t ignore geopolitical problems with war and civil wars or State-sponsored famines, as well as the climat problems like droughts or floods which are generated by the imbalance between food production and large populations.
According to the latest estimates, the food security of 3 billion people would be threatened in 2100. Knowing that in 2003 the increase of 3.6° of temperature decreased the agricultural efficiencies on 30 % for the corn, 21% for the wheat and 25% for fruits.
Consequences of famine in East Africa:
The countries concerned are Somalia, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda and neighboring countries. There are several diseases related to famine. Like Kwashiorkor or marasmus, wich is a slow destruction of the children human body: they stop growing up, they have a swollen belly, their teeths fall out, and they usually die slowly. Even if they survive, they still have sequelae like blindness.
But also, 500 000 African women die every year during the childbirth, because their bodies are too weakened and don’t resist. The lack of water and especially clean water in this area causes drought.
No later than last week, 3 millions of Kenyans needed emergency food aid. Indeed, the last two season have been marked by very low rainfall, leading to reduced harvests and rising food prices. Inflation peaked at 9% in February 2017, the highest in five years.
Solutions may be possible:
Fortunately there are some organizations against the famine in the world such as the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the world food program, action against hunger or “Médecins Sans Frontières”.
Thanks to them, food assistance and medical aid is provided to developing countries affected by endemic diseases because of famine. Many of the actions aim to end child malnutrition while providing communities with access to safe water and sustainable solutions to hunger.
Nevertheless all this actions seems to be insufficient because the problem is treated as an immediate manner , and not in a long-term view. The goal is to find a system, for a food self-sufficiency and access to a quality food.
All the same, solutions for theses problems might sometimes come from citizens who want to help to resolve these issues, for exemple “Sunwaterlife” it’s a suitcase which produces drinkable water thanks to the sun. It can filter at least 700 liters of drinkable water a day.