Small farms have reduced hunger in Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe was the bread basket of Africa’s agricultural production. This country had been incredibly agricultural developed until 1990 ten years after the country’s accession to independence. Its agricultural system was exclusively based on intensive agricultural production, including export capacity exceeded 75% bars.

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Photo : http://www.ipsnews.net/Library/2015/01/Markets-are-critical-to-the-success-of-smallholder-farmers-credit-Busani-Bafana-IPS.jpg

The agricultural system of the country was made up of large intensive agricultural structures keyed on the industrial model. It would have succeeded from 58.70 years, 80, 90 to blow agricultural yields and thus massively feeds the supply chains of international and African regional markets.

The new agricultural reform
However, this High productivity and High return have made many sacrifices. In the past Zimbabwe was a colonial country with a proletarian system exclusively in the hands of white farmers. Although having considerably developed the economy and the increase of wealth, the system was not based on an efficient land distribution among the population. There were, from the one side, thousands of poor black workers living in deplorable conditions, and on the other side the white landowners who owned most of the country’s wealth.  

After the country’s accession to independence, President Robert Mugabe has undertaken a major share of political land fairly distributed between whites and blacks. This resulted in massive expropriations of farmland to black This was not sufficiently taken into account the impact of agricultural reform on the whole economic system of his country, which derives most of its revenue in the agricultural sector. Especially, the new black farmers were under- qualified in the field of entrepreneurship and completely unaware of the functioning of the market economy.

The result of this disastrous policy was the exponential farm crisis, which struck all the economic levers and plunged the country into an unprecedented crisis and famine decimates populations for decades. To escape this fate, it was necessary to adopt alternatives to the new agricultural policy.

The transition to a more sustainable model of agriculture.

Indeed, the various embargoes have closed the country itself. So, to overcome this situation, the government had to give up an industrial agricultural policy and to adopt the agro ecology as an alternative policy. It is an agricultural system of support, which reduces the environmental footprint because it does not require the use of chemicals. But also allows a diversification of species grown by an integrated production of ecosystem development based on natural synergies

Sources:

https://oxfamblogs.org/fp2p/has-zimbabwes-land-reform-actually-been-a-success-a-new-book-says-yes/

http://www.cfuzim.org/index.php/land-facts/3700-zimbabwe-land-reform-how-successful

https://www.jstor.org/stable/4005754?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

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