ECOWAS: Energy efficiency
The energy systems of West Africa are facing serious interrelated challenges of energy access, energy security and environmental degradation (notably due to deforestation and climate change).
During the last several years the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Region has gone through an energy crisis, hampering social and economic development, particularly affecting low-income population groups. The reasons are manifold: political crisis; rapidly growing electricity demand; escalating diesel and heavy fuel prices; high power generation costs and consumer tariffs; under investment; slow sector reforms, lack efficiency tools and technology of production and distribution.
In recognition of this potential, the ECOWAS Heads of State have prioritized energy efficiency as an essential tool to meet the region’s energy supply challenge.
Objectifs de la politique EEEP en matière d’efficacité énergétique
All ECOWAS member states have joined the initiative “Sustainable Energy for All” (SE4ALL) of the United Nations. This initiative aims to achieve three objectives for 2030: ensure universal access to modern energy services; double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency; doubling the part of renewable energy in the global energy mix.
A centre for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency (ECREEE) was created to “contribute to the sustainable economic, social and environmental development of West Africa by improving access to modern, reliable and affordable energy services, energy security and reduction of energy related externalities.”
The ECOWAS Energy Efficiency Policy (EEEP), adopted in 2013, has formalized the regional strategy for implementing successful energy efficiency actions. It identifies certain priority sectors (cooking, lighting, buildings, and electricity distribution) for achieving technical improvements, and outlines targets and priority measures to reduce energy use and increase productivity. At the national level, ECOWAS Member States have introduced various initiatives and programmes to improve energy efficiency as a way to face the national and regional energy challenges prevalent in the region.
Pour en savoir plus:
Rapport d’étape sur les énergies renouvelables et l’efficacité énergétique de la CEDEAO 2014.
Politique sur l’Efficacité Energétique de la CEDEAO (PEEC) Version finale, Septembre 2012
Rapport de base pour la Politique en matière d’énergies renouvelables de la CEDEAO (PERC) Version finale, Septembre 2012