EU: the project of energy and climate goals for 2030 divides.
A new orientation of energy and climate policy train was announced by the European Commission, which strenghthens the previous framework without adopting binding targets for energy efficiency and renewable energy.
The European Commission proposed on January 22 its draft climate and energy package for 2030 with the objectives of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 40% and achieving at least a 27% share of renewable energy consumption.
However just released, the draft European climate and energy package for 2030 divides.
Proponents of a triple binding target and legislation regulating the exploitation of shale gas denounced a lack of ambition and a concession to the energy lobbies. The advocates of a single obejctive of reducing greenhouse gas emissions are worried about European energy competitiveness.
Realism or lack of ambition?
Unlike the climate and energy package in 2020, no target has been arrested for energy efficiency, even if the Commission declares in statement that « the role of energy efficiency in the 2030 package will be discussed later in the revision of the Directive on energy efficiency that is expected to close before the end of the year » ».
A problem for defenders of a triple lens, provided that the renewable energy objective is not really binding. » This is a binding target at the European level and not at the level of each state. It was the same for energy efficiency in the 2020 package and most states have not provided sufficient efforts to meet the goal » says Cyrille Cormier, responsible for climate and energy campaign at Greenpeace.
Therefore, the Commission propose a text without ambition. It merely aims « business as usual » which follow the current path without requiring extra efforts », deplores Corinne Lepage, MEP form France.
Even worse, according to the Chief Executive Officer of Energy Cities, Gérard Magnin, « Europe sends a negative signal to investors, citizens and local authorities, degrading its climate and energy goals ».
But for the Commissioners, they must also take into account the ecnonomic background and maintaining the competitiveness of our industries in a context of rising energy prices in Europe, while they fall in the United States after the explosion of shale gas.
Above, the emission balance of greenhouse gaz emissions and the share of renewable energy in the 27 member states of the EU in 2012.
Under pressure from the Energy lobbies
The two major French industrial energy, EDF and GDF-Suez, are active at the Elysee and the European Commission. GDF-Suez took the head of Magritte Group who tends to position against renewable energy », the name of Magritte Museum in Brussels where the lobby first met last spring, follows Cyrille Cormier.
According to environnmentalists at the European Parliament, Commissioner Oettinger was convinced by German industry that renewable energy was priority for large groups such as RWE and EON in Germany and EDF in France who were not in favour of increased decentralized energy systems. A war of position is played between large and small electrician SME. According to the Commission itself, the investments needed to achieve the climate goals of the EU would lead to the creation of at least 750 000 jobs per year in the sector of energy. And in the case of a scenario where renewable energy account for 30% of the energy mix in 2030, it would be a million jobs per year.
Next step on March 20 where the energy and climate package will be discussed by the Heads of States of the EU.